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Alkoholio užsienio naujienos – 30/2016

Alcohol News – http://alcoholweekly.blogspot.com.ee/

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NEWS and ARTICLES

Medscape – Updated Guidelines for Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Updated clinical guidelines for diagnosing fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, field-tested in evaluations of 10,000 children in the United States, South Africa, and Europe, provide more detail on learning and behavioral deficits and include a new flowchart and a photographic guide for lip and philtrum morphology. The new recommendations update guidelines previously issued in 2005.

http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/866770

NOFAS (Ukraine) – NOFAS Affiliate Spotlight: Ukraine Works Ltd

“What I need is information about fetal alcohol,” Stephen Severylov, then Director of the Mykolychin Internat, a boarding school for children with special needs, told me in late September 2007. I had no idea what he was talking about and as it turned out, neither did he.

http://www.nofas.org/2016/07/18/nofas-affiliate-spotlight-ukraine-works-ltd/

Chicago Tribune (USA) – Kids harmed by alcohol in the womb find haven in mom’s suburban camp

They seem like typical adolescents, and in many ways they are. But most of them said it was the first time they’d been in a group of people who understand them. For some, it was the first time they’ve met other people who also have some form of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder.

http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/ct-fetal-alcohol-camp-met-20160722-story.html

TwinCities.com-Pioneer Press – Tiffany Morgan wants you to know she drank while pregnant

Sometimes bystanders are curious when they see Tiffany Morgan’s 8-year-old daughter have a meltdown at the playground. The conversation goes like this: “Why is she doing that?” asks the stranger. “She has FASD,” Morgan explains.

http://www.twincities.com/2016/07/22/tiffany-morgan-drank-while-she-was-pregnant/

WDAZ – Drinks worse than drugs for expecting mothers

A new study by a local doctor is raising concern about the number of babies born in North Dakota with fetal alcohol syndrome.

http://www.wdaz.com/news/north-dakota/4084660-drinks-worse-drugs-expecting-mothers

SelectScience.net – Identification of Early Biomarkers for Alcohol Related Brain Development Abnormalities

Dr Nune Darbinian, Research Laboratory Manager at Shriners Hospitals Pediatric Research Center, Lewis Katz School of Medicine at Temple University, told SelectScience about brain development research that was recently presented at the Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders Study Group/Research Society on Alcoholism (FASDSG/RSoA) and Society for Neuroscience (SfN) symposia.

http://www.selectscience.net/editorial-articles/identification-of-early-biomarkers-for-alcohol-related-brain-development-abnormalities/?artID=41529

The Nation Newspaper (Kenya) – Avoid alcohol, expectant mothers told

Expectant mothers have been advised to stay away from beer and other alcoholic drinks. This is because its potential negative impact on growing foetus can lead to birth defects.

http://thenationonlineng.net/avoid-alcohol-expectant-mothers-told/

News-Medical.net – Parental substance use increases health risks among children

Children whose parents or caregivers misuse alcohol or use, produce or distribute drugs face an increased risk of medical and behavioral problems. According to a new clinical report by experts at Beth Israel Medical Center (BIDMC) and Boston Children’s Hospital, pediatricians are in a unique position to assess risk and intervene to protect children.

http://www.news-medical.net/news/20160718/Parental-substance-use-increases-health-risks-among-children.aspx

ABC Online (Australia) – Foetal alcohol spectrum disorder diagnosis tool hoped to change lives of Australian victims

Australia finally has a tool for diagnosing foetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) — a condition caused by mothers consuming alcohol while pregnant.

http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-07-29/foetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorder-to-be-diagnosed-with-new-tool/7671168

Edmonton Journal (Canada) – Edmonton moms at risk get support from innovative, inner city health program

The birth of her baby girl should have been the happiest day of the young mom’s life; instead, it became an agonizing experience.

http://edmontonjournal.com/news/local-news/moms-at-risk-get-needed-support-in-inner-city

VIDEO and MATERIALS

Our Issues Twin Cities – EPisode 64 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome FASD

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), every year, about 7,000 children are born in Minnesota with alcohol exposure before birth, putting them at risk of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Y7nDuM3xGuo&feature=youtu.be

Erika Krings – FASD – Der Drache (Verzweiflung, Wut und Angst)

This video is about the impact of disability FAS covering 59 years of my life. This image presentation describes a biography of love and failure of concert successes and alcoholism, burnout and its aftermath.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1bNR1ToNyZc and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=V0H2ivXsGPk

YourAlberta – Current Neuroplasticity Research and Ideas for Promoting Long Term Functional Change

An overview of current neuroplasticity research explaining the firing and wiring of the nervous system. In addition, activity-based concepts are discussed, including:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VCJWqrW7AfY

UPCOMING

EUFASD – European Conference on FASD 2016

Research conference from 12 to 14 September 2016, Royal Holloway, University of London. EUFASD Continuing professional training day, 15 September 2016, Royal Holloway, University of London.

http://www.eufasd.org/EUFASD_2016/home.php

The 7th International Conference on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (March 1-4, 2017)

Call for abstracts just announced. Deadline for all submissions are August 26, 2016.

http://interprofessional.ubc.ca/FASD2017/abstracts.asp

RESEARCH

Dove Medical Press – Fetal alcohol-spectrum disorders: identifying at-risk mothers

Fetal alcohol-spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a collection of physical and neuro­behavioral disabilities caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol. To prevent or mitigate the costly effects of FASD, we must identify mothers at risk for having a child with FASD, so that we may reach them with interventions.

https://www.dovepress.com/fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-identifying-at-risk-mothers-peer-reviewed-article-IJWH

Pediatrics – Updated Clinical Guidelines for Diagnosing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

The purpose of the current report is to present updated diagnostic guidelines based on a thorough review of the literature and the authors’ combined expertise based on the evaluation of >10 000 children for potential FASD in clinical settings and in epidemiologic studies in conjunction with National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism–funded studies, the Collaborative Initiative on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders, and the Collaboration on FASD Prevalence.

http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2016/07/25/peds.2015-4256

OpenUCT – The impact of fetal alcohol syndrome on a child’s classroom performance : a case study of a rural South African school

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the most severe of a spectrum of birth defects caused by a mother drinking alcohol whilst pregnant. Its manifestation in the Central Nervous System causes intellectual and behavioural abnormalities, which pose considerable challenges in the classroom.

https://open.uct.ac.za/handle/11427/20582

Biology Open – Alcohol exposure leads to unrecoverable cardiovascular defects along with edema and motor function changes in developing zebrafish larvae

In the present study we exposed zebrafish embryos to 1% and 2% alcohol and observed the morphology of heart and blood vessels during and after exposure to investigate motor function alterations, and damage and recovery to the cardiovascular system.

http://bio.biologists.org/content/early/2016/07/13/bio.019497.abstract

Nurse Practitioner – Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: Prevention, identification, and intervention

This article discusses methods for identifying and assisting women who consume alcohol prenatally and referring infants and children with FASD for intervention.

http://journals.lww.com/tnpj/Abstract/2016/08000/Fetal_alcohol_spectrum_disorders__Prevention,.4.aspx

Journal of Leukocyte Biology – Inflammatory responses to alcohol in the CNS: nuclear receptors as potential therapeutics for alcohol-induced neuropathologies

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), which results from ethanol exposure during pregnancy, and alcohol use disorder (AUD), which includes both binge and chronic alcohol abuse, are strikingly common and costly at personal and societal levels.

http://www.jleukbio.org/content/early/2016/07/23/jlb.3MR0416-171R.abstract

Cogent Psychology – A systematic review of the prevalence of foetal alcohol syndrome disorders among young people in the criminal justice system

Given the established association between foetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) and risk of criminality and criminalisation, this systematic review examines the prevalence of FASD within youth justice systems.

http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/23311908.2016.1214213

Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research – A Renewed Call to Action: The Need for Systematic Research on Interventions for FASD

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/acer.13150/full

Journal of Pediatrics and Child Health – Gross motor performance in children prenatally exposed to alcohol and living in remote Australia

This study aimed to determine the gross motor (GM) performance of Aboriginal children living in remote Australia. The relationship between GM skills, prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) was explored.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/jpc.13240/full

Journal of Obstetrics – Implications of Applying Minimal Risk Standards in Clinical Research to Information Provision in Prenatal and Pre-conception Care

There have long been minimal risk thresholds beneath which risks may not need to be discussed in clinical research. This threshold concept may be applied to clinical practice. Our research explored application of minimal risk standards in research regulations to providing information in prenatal and pre-conception care.

http://comingsoon.jogc.com/article/S1701-2163(16)39309-4/abstract

St. Catherine University – Professionals’ Perspectives on Substance Abuse and Pregnancy

Drug use has become an increasing issue in society, affecting a wide variety of populations. Specifically, the use of substances has increasingly been entering the lives of women during pregnancy.

http://sophia.stkate.edu/msw_papers/624/

Alcoholism – Neurobehavioral Deficits Consistent Across Age and Sex in Youth with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure

Neurobehavioral consequences of heavy prenatal alcohol exposure are well documented; however, the role of age or sex in these effects has not been studied. The current study examined the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure, sex, and age on neurobehavioral functioning in children.

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/acer.13153/full

Alcohol – Did you drink alcohol during pregnancy? Inaccuracy and discontinuity of women’s self-reports: On the way to establish meconium Ethyl Glucuronide (EtG) as a biomarker for alcohol consumption duringpregnancy

During their 3rd trimester, mothers of children with detectable EtG values ≥10 ng/g tended to report prenatal alcohol consumption more frequently (p < .10), but nearly never above “Yes, I drank rarely”. Asked retrospectively, when children were 6 to 8 years of age, there was no difference in self-reported behavior of EtG-positive vs. EtG-negative cases.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0741832916300428

Behavioral Health – Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and Youth Firesetting: A Need for Increased Awareness and Understanding Among Fire Prevention and Safety Specialists

Approximately two to five percent of the U.S. population is affected by this debilitating disorder, but many practitioners and professionals are still widely unfamiliar with consequences caused by prenatal alcohol exposure.

http://www.jghcs.info/index.php/bh/article/view/471

Behavioural Brain Research – Effects of sex and housing on social, spatial, and motor behavior in adult rats exposed to moderate levels of alcohol during prenatal development

Persistent deficits in social behavior, motor behavior, and behavioral flexibility are among the major negative consequences associated with exposure to ethanol during prenatal development.

http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0166432816304466

IN OTHER LANGUAGES

nrc.nl (Netherlands) – ‘Alcohol verhoogt kans op crimineel kind’

‘De familie is de bron van al het kwaad’, was de kop boven een driegesprek tussen strafrechtadvocaten Peter Plasman, Inez Weski en Gerard Spong in opinietijdschrift HP/De Tijd.

http://www.nrc.nl/nieuws/2016/07/20/alcohol-verhoogt-kans-op-crimineel-kind-3324177-a1512606

Süddeutsche.de (Germany) – Die Gesundheit als politische Aufgabe

Nach ihrem Verzicht auf eine neue Kandidatur zieht die Fürstenfeldbrucker SPD-Landtagsabgeordnete Kathrin Sonnenholzner eine Halbzeit-Bilanz ihrer Legislaturperiode und blickt zurück auf “zweieinhalb Jahre Lust und Frust” als Vorsitzende des Ausschusses für Gesundheit und Pflege.

http://www.sueddeutsche.de/muenchen/fuerstenfeldbruck/fuerstenfeldbruck-die-gesundheit-als-politische-aufgabe-1.3094235

CelleHeute (Germany) – Das fetale Alkoholsyndrom – die unsichtbare Behinderung

Eine Informations- und Aufklärungsveranstaltung zum Thema „Das fetale Alkoholsyndrom – die unsichtbare Behinderung, wie wirkt sie sich aus und was brauchen Betroffene, Angehörige, pädagogische Fachkräfte, Jugendämter und andere Behörden“ findet am Freitag, 12. August, im 4 Generationen Park Wathlingen statt. Die Schirmherrschaft der Veranstaltung hat die Niedersächsische Ministerin Cornelia Rundt (Ministerium für Soziales, Gesundheit und Gleichstellung) übernommen.

https://celleheute.de/das-fetale-alkoholsyndrom-die-unsichtbare-behinderung/

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